The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDG) 7, 11, and 13 demand urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts through energy sustainability. To this end, nations around the world have set aggressive targets in renewable energy integration in the past few years, most recently, at the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in November 2021. As power grids transition towards sustainability, renewable generators such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind continue to replace more and more fossil-fuel generators. To this end, the power industry is undergoing rapid advances in new supporting technologies such as advanced sensors networks, power electronics, and consumer-centric services. In particular, the power distribution system is witnessing massive changes at an unprecedented scale in recent years, which is known as the grid-edge revolution. The opportunities for innovations and the challenges facing power utilities are more diverse than ever.
Our mission at PEng Lab is to build a sustainable and inclusive prosumer-centric grid, while providing necessary evaluations for integrating new technologies and policies into the existing electrical infrastructures. We are motivated to develop solutions that enhance the security and reliability of energy systems, in particular power distribution systems and microgrids. The research portfolio of PEng Lab addresses a range of emerging issues that changes with the time and the technology, even as the underlying expectations remain the same for electricity that is affordable, reliable, and environmentally responsible.
Fig. Prototyped three-phase microgrids consisting of 3 full-bridge inverters, voltage & current sensor circuits, and optocoupler circuit.
Our research focuses on situational awareness, operational flexibility, and resilience of high-voltage transmission networks, low-voltage distribution networks, and consumer microgrids. We also apply our expertise to a wider spectrum of applications such as fault-tolerant power converters, and reliability of traffic networks.
Highlights of some of our past projects include:
“We are like tenant farmers chopping down the fence around our house for fuel, when we should be using Nature’s inexhaustible sources of energy — sun, wind, and tide.”
“I hope we don’t have to wait until oil and coal run out before we tackle that.”
- Thomas Edison in a 1931 conversation with Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone
An apartment with multiple residents can be considered as a microgrid with a set of subsystems that operate in a stochastic manner. The challenge is developing reliable power management strategies for both the residents and the building management. The objective is to formulate novel control algorithms to ensure stable power sharing among power electronic inverters. This project was funded by Singapore Ministry of Education Academic Research Funding Tier 1 grant.
We strive for a holistic view on demand response (DR) in electrical grids and address the research question of how to interlink advanced techniques in the electrical power engineering and computer science to support the decision making of power utilities. Specifically, the goal of the project is to assess the feasibility of integrating event stream processing and the stability analysis of electrical grids – a prerequisite for dynamic DR. This project was supported by NUS-HU Berlin joint research grant.
The objective is to design a resilient microgrid for future “smart” residential communities. Investigations will be carried to develop smart-grid functionalities that increase the residential demand flexibility by tackling economical and behavioral aspects of consumer acceptance. In addition, implications of multi-microgrids connected to a common islanded distribution system are explored with the help of a simplified, but accurate model. This project is funded by Singapore Ministry of Education Academic Research Funding Tier 1 grant.
A liberalized electric industry is a paradigm shift from utility-centric towards a customer-oriented environment. In such a scenario, demand-side parameters, including weather and customer behavior become non-electrical external influences that are coupled to the grid performance. This planning grant would enable us to design and implement surveys to generate data that assist us to populate our consumer behavioral model. We would then be equipped to quantify the impact of an attack on a real-world distribution system, and propose to the utility countermeasures to prevent, detect and mitigate such attacks. This project is supported by National Research Foundation (NRF) Systemic Risk and Resilience grant.
The purpose of a cyber-physical system is the gathering, distribution, and sharing of data. Through the deployment of advanced sensors like Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs), grid information can be gathered for online system operations. This requires turning the collected measurements into meaningful information, which then defines the actions to be taken. At the device level, by leveraging sensor data, system health conditions can be monitored in real-time, and faults can be detected and rectified at an early stage. This makes the device more robust to external shocks and minimize its negative impacts on the system when failed. The objective is to focus on preventive maintenance as opposed to cost optimization. At the system-level, sensor measurements collected throughout the system can provide means to detect and eliminate fault conditions within the electric grid and contribute to local control decisions. To ensure the trustworthiness of the data, the sensor data should be continuously monitored to detect abnormalities. This project is funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF) Future Resilient Systems Program through the Singapore-ETH Centre.